Categories Labayk Hajj News

Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam

Pilgrims re-enact the actions of the Prophet Muhammad from more than 1400 years ago. Hajj is a religious obligation upon every physically and financially able adult Muslim. Hajj pilgrimage has specific dates according to the Islamic lunar calendar.

Umrah on the other hand is an Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims, that can be undertaken at any time of the year.
In this video, you will be learning everything about Hajj and Umrah, their history, how to perform Hajj and Umrah step by step, and all other relevant information that will give you the confidence to perform Hajj and Umrah according to the Qur’an and authentic Sunnah independently and with complete confidence without depending on the side tour guides.
Let’s begin the journey with the story of Hajj and Umrah
It all started when almighty Allah informed us about the call of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) “to establish the Holy pilgrimage to Makkah.
وَإِذْ بَوَّأْنَا لِإِبْرَاهِيمَ مَكَانَ الْبَيْتِ أَن لَّا تُشْرِكْ بِي شَيْئًا وَطَهِّرْ بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْقَائِمِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ (26) وَأَذِّن فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ (27) لِّيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ
(27) And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass –
(28) That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known days
وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ
(97) And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves – then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.

After completing the structure of the Ka’bah, Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) was commanded by Allah to call the people to Hajj.
(27) And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass –
So Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) climbed a Mountain and called out in his loudest voice: O People! Verily Allah has prescribed upon you Hajj, so perform Hajj.”
People from all over the world responded to Prophet Ibrahim’s (peace be upon him) call by coming to Makkah. And they continue to come every year since then. Today millions upon millions of Muslims continue the call of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him).

As mentioned earlier, Hajj is the fifth pillar upon which Islam stands. Allah made it compulsory for every able Muslim male and female to perform it, at least once in a lifetime.
Allah revealed: Performance of the Hajj washes away all sins.
The Prophet said, “Whoever performs Hajj and does not commit any obscenity or transgression, he returns (free from sin) as the day his mother bore him” (Sahih Bukhari).
The Messenger of Allah Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “There is no reward for Hajj Mabroor other than Paradise.”
Now that you know about the history of Hajj, let’s step by step go through the complete journey.
Going on Hajj involves a great deal of physical, financial, spiritual and social sacrifices. For this journey of a lifetime, you must prepare yourself starting with the right mindset and being serious about your pilgrimage.
Firstly:
وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ
(5) And they were not commanded except to worship Allah, [being] sincere to Him in religion, inclining to truth, and to establish prayer and to give zakah. And that is the correct religion.
your intention should be purely for the sake of Allah
” إنَّمَا الْأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّاتِ، وَإِنَّمَا لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مَا نَوَى
“Actions are according to intentions, and everyone will get what was intended.
Secondly: Your worship has to be in accordance with the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
عن جابر بن عبد الله رضي الله عنهما: أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال:
“خذوا عني مناسككم”
The Messenger (ﷺ peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Take your rituals (of Hajj) from me”
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: (تَابِعُوا بَيْنَ الْحَجِّ وَالْعُمْرَةِ، فَإِنَّهُمَا يَنْفِيَانِ الْفَقْرَ وَالذُّنُوبَ، كَمَا يَنْفِي الْكِيرُ خَبَثَ الْحَدِيدِ وَالذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ، وَلَيْسَ لِلْحَجَّةِ الْمَبْرُورَةِ ثَوَابٌ إِلَّا الْجَنَّةُ) رواه التّرمذي وقال: حديث حسن صحيح
The Messenger (ﷺ peace and blessings be upon him) said:
{‘Perform Hajj and ‘Umrah consecutively; for they remove poverty and sin as the bellows removes impurity from iron. An accepted Hajj brings no reward but Paradise.}, Nartted by Imam Al-Tirmizi

The road map for a Hajj Mabroor is amazingly simple & easy. If a pilgrim obtains & observes them, they will surely earn the ultimate prize. Here are the Hajj Mabroor Components:

  1. The intention, sincerity for Allah.
  2. The following teaching of the Prophet peace be upon him.
  3. Cautions: avoiding prohibited actions.
  4. The reward of a Hajj Mabroor is Paradise.

Lets start our hajj journey
The first step for Hajj and Umrah is to start preparing for Ihram
Ihram can be considered a spiritual and physical state that someone enters before performing Hajj or Umrah,
While in the state of Ihram certain actions are prohibited for the pilgrims.
They are Hunting. Killing insects, animal unless they are dangerous. Engaging on Sexual relation. Preforming or talk about marriage. Wearing perfume. Wearing sewn clothes by men. Wearing footwear that cover the ankles. Outrage (Fusouq). Arguing or Fighting. Killing insects, animal unless they are dangerous. Beautifying oneself. Applying oil perfume. Removing hair from the body. Covering the head, for males, or Covering of the face by females. Cutting nails. Or Extracting tooth.

Ihram contains several steps which must be completed before crossing a pilgrim’s specific Miqat. In the correct order, these steps are:

  • Sunan al Fitrah. This step includes the cleanliness obligations such as clipping your nails, trimming your mustache, removing the hair around your armpits and private parts.
  • Taking a bath + ghusl and applying oil perfume to your body
  • Wearing the clothing of Ihram

For men, Ihram clothing is two white sheets. One that covers the lower portion of the body and the other covering the upper portion of the body.
For women, Ihram clothing is regular Muslim clothing without covering their face and hands.

  • Praying two rakats
  • And finally, stating your intention for Hajj or Umrah followed by talbiyah while riding the preferred mode of transportation while traveling towards Makkah

Pligrim must say his/her intention by saying:
لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ عُمْرَةً Labbayka allahumma umratan( for Umrah)
لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ حَجّاً Labbayka allahuma Hajjian(for Hajj)
And you may put a condition if you’re afraid you may not complete the rituals for Hajj or Umrah
You may state this condition by saying:
Allahumma mahillee haithu habastaneeاللهم محلي ما حبستني

Then you start your Talbiyah until you reach the Ka’bah
The Sunnah method of reciting the Talbiyah is to briefly pause at four places, indicated by the lines. The prayer is as follows:
لَبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ – لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ – إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ – لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ

  • Labayka llāhumma labayk,
  • labayka lā sharīka laka labbayk,
  • inna l-ḥamda wa n-ni’mata, laka wa l-mulk,
  • lā sharīka lak

After arriving to Makkah, you check in your Hotel, you may refresh yourself , then get ready to visit the Great Mosque (Al-Masjed Al-Haram)
When you are entering Al-Masjed Al-haram enter with your right foot and say:
بِسْمِ اللهِ والصَّلاَةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَى رَسُوْلِ الله
“Bismillahi wassalatu wassalamu alaa Rasoolillahi”
أَعُوْبِاللهِ الْعَظِيمِ، وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيْمِ، وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرِّجِيْمِ، اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِىْ أبْوَا بَ رَحْمَتِكَ
“A’outhu billahil-a’adtheem, wa bi waj’hihilka-reem, wasultaanihilqadeem, minashaytaanir-rajeem, Alhamdummaftahlee abwaabarahmatik.”

The second step of Umrah is Tawaf al Qudoom/ Arrival Tawaf.
Tawaf practically contains four parts which are:

  • Tawaf is Circling around the Kabba.
  • Praying behind Maqam Ibrahim.
  • Drinking Zamzam water.
  • Returning to the Kabbah for Istilam.
Step 1:

Tawaf is walking around Kaaba seven times consecutively in a counterclockwise direction, while keeping the Ka‘bah on your left, inside the masjid, and starting from the Black Stone location and ending at it, If you cannot walk you can also ride. While reciting supplications, pilgrims may recite Quran, remembrance of Allah or read any supplication, prayers, requests and wishes to Allah.
Start with facing the Black Stone at the start of the Tawaf while uttering Basmallah & Takbir (بسم الله الله أكبر) Bismi Allah, Allahu-Akbar(and raise your hand in direction to the black stone as if you are pointing to it. If possible, you may kiss or touch it.
Sunnah for men only specifically includes performing the following steps:

  • Idibaa is the revealing of a man’s right shoulder while performing this Tawaf. Also, if the call for prayer occurs during your Tawaf, you must cover your shoulder while praying. When you complete your prayer, you should uncover your shoulder again to complete the remaining circles for Tawaf. And cover it when the Tawaf is completed.
  • Raml means walking quickly but not running or jogging for the first three rounds. Then returning to a normal walking step for the remaining four rounds.
    Sunnah for both men and Women:
    A pilgrim including both male and female making Tawaf if possible without fighting and harming others, can touch these two corners (the Black Stone & Yemeni Corner), and no other corner. Touch the Yamani corner only by hand. There should not be any kissing.

The supplication at the Tawaf is the circumambulation of the Ka’bah:
The pilgrim may recite Quran, make (dhikr) remembrance of Allah or read any supplication, prayers, requests and wishes to Allah whether for this life or life after death. It is recommended that to be from the sunnah supplications, otherwise it can be made in any language. There is no particular supplication reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in this regard except that he used to recite between the Yemeni Corner and the Black Stone, the following Quranic verse:
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
{Rabbana aatina fi addunya hasanatan wafi al-aakhirati hasanatan waqina ‘athaab annaar.}
This translates to : Our Lord, give us in this world [that which is] good & in the Hereafter [that which is] good and protect us from the punishment of the Fire.”
Repeat the same steps in all seven rounds and the Tawaf will get completed. The men can now cover their uncovered right shoulders.

Step 2: Is offering a Two Rak'ah Prayer After Tawaf

The pilgrim should reach Maqam Ibrahim and stand in a way where it is between the performer and the Kaaba(if possible). Now recite:
وَاتَّخِذُوامِنْ مَقَامِ إبْرَاهِيْمَ مُصَلَّى
“Wattakhithu min Maqaami Ibraheema musallaa.”
Offering a two rak’ah prayer after completing the Tawaf (if possible) behind the Station of Ibrahim (peace and blessings be upon him) or at any other place in the Sacred Mosque.
In those two rak’ah prayer, it is sunnah to recite Surah Al-Kafirun(Surah#109), in the first rak ‘ah, and Surah Al-Ikhlas(Surah#112), in the second rak ‘ah, after reciting Surat Al-Fatihah.

Step 3: Is drinking Zamzam water

Once the seven rounds of the Tawaf is completed and after offering the two rak’ahs by the Station of Ibrahim (peace and blessings be upon him), it is Sunnah(way of the prophet) to drink water from the well of Zamzam, as much as he/she can.
A person drinking Zamzam water should intend and hope for healing, blessings and whatever is best for him in this life and in the hereafter. The Prophet (ﷺ peace and blessings be upon him) said, “The water of Zamzam is (good) for whatever it is intended.”
*Show a man making Islamic supplication before drinking ZamZam, saying bismillah (in the name of Allah), followed by drinking ZamZam water and then pouring it on his head and watching his face while supplicating to Allah).

Step 4: Is the excellence of Supplications at Al-Multazim

Al-Multazim is the part of the Ka’bah between its door and the Black Stone. After drinking Zamzam water, it is recommended that one should make special supplications at Al-Multazim.
From the sunnah, if you can, try to stick your chest to the Multazim and make dua, although this may not be possible during the time of the pandemic.
Ibn ‘Abbas reported that he used to stand between the Black Stone corner and the Ka’bah door and said, “The space between the Black Stone and the door of the Ka’bah is called ‘Al Multazim’ and whoever stands here and supplicates to Allah, he gives him whatever he supplicates for.” (Al-Baihaqi).
After completing all the components of Tawaf, pilgrims move on to perform Sa’i which is the walk between Mount Safa and Marwah.
Sa’i is one of the essential rites of Hajj and Umrah and refers to the ritual of walking back and forth seven times between the two small hills of Safa and Marwah. Starting from Safa and ending from Marwah.

After completing your Tawaf follow these steps for Sa’i
1. walk to Safa and on approaching Safa you must recite:
The Qur’anic verse 2.158:
(إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ ۖ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا ۚ وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ)
“Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. So, whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs ‘Umrah – there is no blame upon him for walking between them. And whoever volunteers good – then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing “.
And when you are on Safa, then say:
” نَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ اللَّهُ بِه I begin with what Allah Himself began”.

The pilgrims must climb Safa until they can see the Ka’bah or face its direction from where they stand. They face the Ka’bah, and proclaim three times, Allah’s Oneness, glorify Him, praise Him, and then say, “There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. He has no partners. To Him belongs the kingdom and all praise. He alone grants life and causes death; He has power over all things. There is no God but He. He has fulfilled His promise, given victory to His servant, and He alone defeated the confederates.”
لَـمَّا دَنَا النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنَ الصَّفَا قَرَأ: “إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ” ((أبْدَأ بِـمَا بَدَأَ اللهُ بِهِ))
فَبَدأ بالصَّفَا، فَرَقِيَ عَلَيْهِ، حَتَّى رَأَى البَيْتَ، فاسْتَقْبَلَ القِبْلَةَ، فَوَحَّدَ اللهَ، وَكَبَّرَهُ، وَقَالَ: ((لَا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الـمُلْكُ ولَهُ الـحَمْدُ، وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيءٍ قَديرٌ، لَا إلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ، أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ، وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ، وهَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ))
، ثُمَّ دَعَا بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ، قَالَ مِثْلَ هَذَا ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ، فَفَعَلَ عَلَى المَرْوَةِ كَمَا فَعَلَ عَلَى الصَّفَا
Pilgrim repeat these words three time and recite supplications between them.
Then you walk from Safa toward Marwah.
Recite supplications between Safa and Marwah: . Making supplications, remembrance of Allah, and reciting the Qur’an while walking between Safa and Marwah are all desirable. It is reported while making Sa’I, Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) used to supplicate, “O my Lord, forgive me, and have mercy upon me. You are the most Honorable, most Dignified.”
For men jogging between these two green markers is preferable, but walking is also permissible or riding between them.
Walk toward Marwah and climb it until you can see the Ka’bah or face in its direction. There, you make supplications as you had at Mount Safa.
Keep repeating this till you complete seven rounds forth and back and end on Marwah. without reparation of the Qur’anic verses mentioned on points 1 and 2.
Once the Sa’i is completed, the next step for Umrah is Halq or Tqsir. It is an obligatory act where men shave or trim their hair, but women must trim the hair by one inch. This act get them out of the riual state of Ihram and complete their Umrah.

Now that your Umrah is completed:

  • Exit from the state of Ihram.
  • Respect Makkah, stay clean spiritually, physically, practice kindness and do not pollute or dirt this Holy City.
  • Performing various forms of worship such as Qu’ran reciting, adhkar, sadaqah (charity), and try your best to perform all your obligatory and voluntary prayers in Masjid al-Haram and perform tawaf as much as you can.
  • Relax, make sure to rest as Hajj is very challenging on your body and requires good health and energy, do not make yourself worn-out and exhausted.

8Th of of Dhu Al-Hijjah, it’s a frist day of Hajj:
Tarwiyah is the eighth day of the Islamic month of Dhu Al-Hijjah where pilgrims make the journey of Hajj pilgrims from Mecca city to Mina city.

On this day, you are performing Hajj Tamattu’ and should assume the state of Ihram from Makkah, as you did the first time at the miqat, before proceeding to Mina.
Here are some important instructions for the preparation, timing and intention for Ihram.

  • Preparation for Ihram: It is preferred to make sunan al fitrah, ghusl, apply perfume on the body and hair for men and all other steps before Ihram as you prepare for your first Ihram.
  • Ihram Timing: It is sunnah for the “Mutamati’” to enter Ihram before midday (the sun passes its zenith)
  • Ihram Intention: Make the intention of assuming Ihram for Hajj by saying:


لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ حَجّاً Labayka allahuma Hajjian
and if you are afraid of an obstacle that prevents you from completing your Hajj you can say:
“فإن حبسني حابس فمحلي حيث حبستني”
meaning “and if there was an obstacle preventing me from completing the Hajj, then I exit the state of Ihram at the occurrence of such obstacle”. If you are not afraid then you are not required to say it.
The pilgrimage starts from Makkah and moves to Mina after sunrise and before noon.
While riding the bus in Ihram clothes you recite the Talbiyah. The Sunnah method of reciting the Talbiyah is to briefly pause at four places, indicated by the dashes.

Here is the prayer:
لَبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ – لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ – إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ – لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ –

  • Labayka llāhumma labayk ,
  • labayka lā sharīka laka labbayk,
  • inna l-ḥamda wa n-ni’mata, laka wa l-mulk,
  • lā sharīka lak.

After arriving in Mina on the 8th day of Dhul Hijah you stay until the next day after sunrise on the 9thday of Dhul Hijah.
Throughout the day you constantly repeat Tabliya and remembrance of Allah.
Shorten the prayers with 4 rakaa’ (Duhr, Asr, Isha) without joining prayers, while making sure to pray in the congregation and making sure to pray Witr.
Relax and stay focused in your Hajj. Avoid whatever can distract you in performing Hajj as you are out of your normal and comfortable zone. Also, it is important to exercise patience and kindness to all. Try to sleep early, as the next few days are going to be extremely busy.
Wake up early for Fajr prayer, about 1 hour before Fajr, make wudu, prepare yourself to pray Fajr in the congregation.

Action after fajr prayer, perform your adhkar and continue your talbiyah *show pilgrims praying fajr together and then making talbiyyah and takbir*
Preparation for Arafa day: If you can, refresh yourself before heading towards Arafa. If you can, take a bath and clean yourself.
Next comes the Day of Arafah that falls on the 9th day of Zhul-Hijjah. It is the holiest day in the Islamic calendar.
Staying in Arafah is the major pillar of Hajj. The Prophet said:“Hajj is (staying in) Arafah. الحجُ عرفة”
After the sunrise of the 9th day of Zhul-Hijjah, it is sunnah to leave for Arafah .
Start moving to Arafa after the sunrise of the 9th of Dul Hijah.
Pilgrims starts moving from Mina to Arafa after sunrise & before noon.
The Sunnah method of reciting the Talbiyah is to briefly pause at four places, indicated by the dashes. The prayer is :
لَبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ – لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ – إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ – لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ –

  • Labayka llāhumma labayk ,
  • labayka lā sharīka laka labbayk,
  • inna l-ḥamda wa n-ni’mata, laka wa l-mulk,
    lā sharīka lak.

Uttering Takbir ( الله أكبرAllahu Akbar), Tahlil ( لا إلاه إلا اللهLa ilaha il-lal-lah), and Talbiyah (La-baika Allahumma lab-baik)

After reaching your place in Arafah, relax to preserve your energy and stay focused in your Hajj. Make sure you do your best to get the acceptance of Allah and to be forgiven and to be free from the hellfire. Avoid whatever distracts you , while focusing on your Hajj, as you are out of your normal and comfortable zone, exercise extra patience and kindness to all. It is also important to understand that the next few days will be very busy.
Pray Duhr and Asr while joining and shortening (at Duhr time).
The time for staying in Arafah starts from the Dhuhr Prayer on the 9th Dhul-Hijjah to Sunset, however it ends at the Fajr Prayer on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah.
At the place of supplications, it is recommended that the pilgrim makes remembrance of Allah and sincere supplication to Him and presents him/herself as a poor slave begging his/her master for forgiveness and blessings. It is recommended to raise your hands while supplicating. Repeating the Talbiyah and reading Qur’an is a good thing to do as well.
The Prophet (ﷺ peace and blessings be upon him) also said: “The best supplication is that of the Day of Arafah, and the best thing that I and other Prophets before me said, is:
لا إلهَ إلاَّ اللَّه وحْدهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لهُ، لَهُ المُلْكُ، ولَهُ الحمْدُ، وَهُو عَلَى كُلِّ شَيءٍ قَدِيرٌ

La ilaha illa allahu wahdahu la sharika lah, lahu al-mulku wa lahu al-hamdu wa huwa `ala kulli shai’in qadeer “.
Which means {There is no god but Allah alone. He has no partners. To Him belong the sovereignty and all praise. He has power over all things}.
The travel from Arafa to Muzdalifah is organized by transportation which could be a bus or train. It requires a lot of patience because there are a lot of people and you must wait for your turn. Do not try to walk, it is not worth it. Also, you may easily lose your group. So stay with your group at all times, but stay spiritually with Allah.
Keep in your mind and tell yourself this- whenever you faced a challenge – :
“ There is no power nor strength except by Allah , O Allah I’m preforming hajj for you alone, whatever challenge I’m facing, Allah will reward me for it, there is No argument in Hajj Mabroor, O Allah support me , O Allah grant me a Hajj Mabroor, ”
Pilgrims start moving from Arafa to Muzdalifah after sunset & before the dawn of the next day while saying the Talbiyah.
لَبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ – لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ – إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ – لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ –
Labayka llāhumma labayk,
labayka lā sharīka laka labbayk,
inna l-ḥamda wa n-ni’mata, laka wa l-mulk,
lā sharīka lak.

Next comes the night of Muzdalifah which is after the sunset of the 9th of Dulhjjah.
Start traveling from Arafa to Muzdalifah with tranquility and calmness. Praying Maghrib and Isha while joining and shortening with a single Athan and two iqamah whenever you arrive at Muzdalifah.
Try to sleep and rest as much as you can, without distraction as the next day is long and there will be many activities that must be done.
Spending the night in Muzdalifah is a must, however, it is permissible for pilgrims with challenges, such as old age, sickness, a disability, etc., to depart from Muzdalifah after midnight. Others must stay in Muzdalifah.
Praying Fajr at the beginning of its time, then repeating remembering of Allah,Takbir, testifying the oneness of Allah and supplicating to Allah with whatever you wish from the blessings of this world and the Hereafter from where he stands in Muzdalifah.

The pilgrim departs from Muzdalifah before sunrise and continues his/her Talbyah until they arrive at ‘Jamrat Al-Aqabah’. While traveling from Arafa to Muzdalifah maintain tranquility and calmness.
Then comes the Yawmu Al-Nahr. Which is the 10th of Dul Hijjah.
The day of Nahr is considered the best day in the sight of Allah out of the entire year.
This is THE DAY; it is the busiest day of your Hajj in regard to rites that pilgrims must perform.
Exercise patience, kindness, be free from any arguments, and stay connected with Allah.
The rituals of the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah are performed in a set order:

  • Throwing the pebbles at ‘Jamrat Al-Aqabah’.
    Offering the sacrifice (Hady).
  • Al-Halq or Al-Taqsir which is shaving or shortening of the hair on your head
  • Performing Tawaf Ifadah.
  • Performing Saey between Safa and Marwa.
  • Then Returning to Mina for overnight sleep and the days of Tashreeq.

Observance of these rites in this sequence is the sunnah that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had performed. However, it is still an approved sunnah if one of these rites is performed before or after another. Therefore, there is no harm in changing the order according to most scholars because the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) approved this.
The pebbles are collected from Muzdalifah or on the road to Mina. Stones for the Rajm should be found in their natural state, rather than broken from larger rocks, rock should be the size of a pea.
For Rami which is the act of throwing the Stones at Jamarat (Jamarat Basin), the pilgrim stands facing Jamrat al-Aqaba so that Mina is to his right side and Makkah to his left side. After that, raising his right hand above his shoulder to throw his pebbles, not from the side or otherwise, the stones should be thrown calmly and may not be thrown violently. The pilgrims throw 7 pebbles one by one at the ‘Jamrat Al-Aqabah’, saying “Allahu Akbar” with each throw. No supplication after throwing your Jamrat at ‘Jamrat Al-Aqabah’.
*show someone performing above actions*
The time for throwing Jamrat Al-Aqabah on the day of Eid is from sunrise until sunset, but for those who are weak and unable to cope with the crowding—women and children—the time is until the end of the night.

Then comes the offering the sacrifice of Hady
فَمَنْ تَمَتَّعَ بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ فَمَا اسْتَيْسَرَ مِنَ الْهَدْيِ (And whosoever performs the Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj al-Tamattu), must sacrifice a Hady such as is easy (i.e. that you can afford).
Offer Hady (slaughtering of the animal), this comes after throwing the pebbles. Nowadays, this will be arranged through the Hajj organizer.
Labaykhajj arranges for the Hady to be carried out around the time its pilgrims complete their Rami in the morning of the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah, and the company sends a copy of the official sacrifice confirmation certificate from the Hady official authority.
Head’s Hair Shaving or Trimming, and this must be done on the entire head and not just in certain spots. For the women, they must cut their hair the size of an Anmulah (size of 1/3 of the finger, around 1 inch).
*show two pilgrims entering the barbershop with long and big hair and then showing bald and trimmed hair afterwards, show both choices. One pilgrim with bald and another trimmed and even hair*
After throwing the pebbles and cutting the hair, the pilgrim will enter the stage of the First “At-hallul Al asqar”, where Ihram restrictions will be lifted except intimate relations, which only become lawful after performing Tawaf Ifadah (Altahallul Alakbar).

Then you can visit the Great Mosque and perform Tawaf al-Ifada (Ziyarah). After this, everything becomes permissible, and the pilgrim will exit the state of Ihram, or you may delay Tawaf Ifadah till the 13Th of Dul-Hijjah before sunset.
Fallowed by performing Saey between Safa and Marwa for mutamati’
The Tawaf Ifadah practically contains the same four Tawaf steps:

  • Circling seven rounds around Kabba, in the normal particular manner (no Raml and no Idbaa). It is not in the state of Ihram and men can wear normal clothes.
  • Pray behind Maqam Ibrahim.
  • Drink water Return to Kabbah for Istlam Zamzam Performing Saey between Mount Safa and Marwa
  • Return to Kabbah for Istlam Zamzam

Next is performing Saey between Mount Safa and Marwa, Walk/Sa’i between Mount Safa and Marwah is one of the essential rites of Hajj and Umrah and refers to the ritual of walking back and forth seven times between the two small hills of Safa and Marwah. Starting from Safa and ending from Marwah.
After completed your Tawaf :
. walk to Safa and on approaching Safa you must recite:
The Qur’anic verse 2.158:
(إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ ۖ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا ۚ وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ)
“Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. So, whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs ‘Umrah – there is no blame upon him for walking between them. And whoever volunteers good – then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing “.
And when you are on Safa, then say:
” نَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ اللَّهُ بِه I begin with what Allah Himself began”.
The pilgrims must climb Safa until they can see the Ka’bah or face its direction from where they stand. They face the Ka’bah, and proclaim three times, Allah’s Oneness, glorify Him, praise Him, and then say, “There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. He has no partners. To Him belongs the kingdom and all praise. He alone grants life and causes death; He has power over all things. There is no God but He. He has fulfilled His promise, given victory to His servant, and He alone defeated the confederates.”
لَـمَّا دَنَا النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنَ الصَّفَا قَرَأ: “إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ” ((أبْدَأ بِـمَا بَدَأَ اللهُ بِهِ))
فَبَدأ بالصَّفَا، فَرَقِيَ عَلَيْهِ، حَتَّى رَأَى البَيْتَ، فاسْتَقْبَلَ القِبْلَةَ، فَوَحَّدَ اللهَ، وَكَبَّرَهُ، وَقَالَ: ((لَا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الـمُلْكُ ولَهُ الـحَمْدُ، وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيءٍ قَديرٌ، لَا إلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ، أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ، وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ، وهَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ))
، ثُمَّ دَعَا بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ، قَالَ مِثْلَ هَذَا ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ، فَفَعَلَ عَلَى المَرْوَةِ كَمَا فَعَلَ عَلَى الصَّفَا

Pilgrim repeat these words three time and recite supplications between them.
Then you walk from Safa toward Marwah.
Recite supplications between Safa and Marwah: . Making supplications, remembrance of Allah, and reciting the Qur’an while walking between Safa and Marwah are all desirable. It is reported while making Sa’I, Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) used to supplicate, “O my Lord, forgive me, and have mercy upon me. You are the most Honorable, most Dignified.”
Jogging Between the Two Green Markers is preferable, but walking is also permissible or riding between them.
Walk toward Marwah and climb it until you can see the Ka’bah or face its direction. There, you make supplications as you had at Mount Safa.
Keep repeating this till you complete seven rounds forth and back and end on Marwah, without reparation of the Qur’anic varies mentioned on points 1 and 2.

Now you start your journey back to Mina for overnight sleep and be ready for The days of Tashreeq(11th, 12thand 13th of Dul Hijjah) following the day of Eid
The days of Tashreeq are the 11th and 12th if pilgrim is Mutaajil (hasting) and if he is Mutaakhir (delaying) additionally the day of the 13th.
If the pilgrim performed Tawaf and Sai on the day of Eid, he/she must return to Mina and spend the nights & days of the 11th and 12th if he is Mutaajil (hasting) and the night & day of the 13th if he is Mutaakhir (delaying). Islamically, the day starts after sunset and ends at sunset, therefore night comes first followed by day.
Timing for Mutaajil:

  • The stoning on those days (11th Dul-Hijjah) starts after the sun has passed its zenith, i.e., midday when the time for Zhuhr begins until sunset (as preferable time), but it’s permissible to until nighttime (before dawn).
  • For 12th of Dul-Hijjah starts after the sun has passed its zenith, until before sunset, then he must leave Mina before sunset.

Timing for Mutaakhir:

  • The stoning on those days (11th & 12th of Dul-Hijjah) starts after the sun has passed its zenith, i.e., midday when the time for Zhuhr begins until sunset (as preferable time), but its permissible until nighttime (before dawn).
  • For 13th of Dul-Hijjah starts after the sun has passed its zenith, until before sunset, then he must leave Mina after that.

If it is too difficult because of overcrowding, it is permissible to throw the Jamarat at night, until dawn.
Throwing the three Pillars of Jamrat, starts with Jamrah al Sograh then Jamrah al Wosta then Jamrah al Aqabah, each with seven pebbles (one by one) and saying “Bismillah, Allahu Akbar” with each throw.
Supplications after throwing first & Second Pillars. From the practice of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), after throwing the pebbles he would move to the right side of the Jamrah and facing the Qiblah, he would raise his hands and make a long duaa. He only did this at both Jamrah al-Sograh (small pillar) and Jamrah al-Wosta (middle pillar). Therefore, the pilgrim should stand and supplicate to Allah Almighty if he/she can as mentioned above.
After throwing pebbles at Jamrah al Aqabah, there is no supplication as described above.
Spending and investing these days for pleasing Allah in recitation of the Quran, remembering Allah, Takbeer, and any other good deeds.
Spending the night on Mina during these days is wajib (obligatory). If the pilgrim does not, they must compensate with a Hady (slaughtering of the animal).
But if any pilgrim wishes to prolong his/her stay, they can spend the night of the 13th in Mina and observe stoning that afternoon .
Now it’s time for Tawaf Al-Wadaa or Farewel Tawaf طواف الوداع. It is the departure day from Mkakkah.
Now that you are going to leave the sacred sites after completing all the rituals mentioned above, the time has come for the concluding ritual. At this time, you must offer a farewell to the sacred mosque and refresh your eyes with the sight of the Kabah before departing. This is done by performing Tawaf Al-Wada` (Farewell Tawaf), which you should do immediately before leaving Makkah.

The Farewell Tawaf practically contains the same four Tawaf steps:

  • Circling seven rounds around Kabba, in the normal particular manner (no Raml and no Idbaa). It is not in the state of Ihram and people can wear normal clothes.
  • Pray behind Maqam Ibrahim.
  • Drink Zamzam water.
  • Return to Kabbah for Istlam.

Making a farewell supplication and thanking Allah for giving you the opportunity to complete the Hajj, allowing you to visit His House, and asking Him to invite you again and again.

*show the Arabic part only as text, but the English version of it must be read in a nice peacefully voice *
الدعاء المأثور عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما: «اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي عَبْدُك وَابْنُ عَبْدِك وَابْنُ أَمَتِك، حَمَلْتنِي عَلَى مَا سَخَّرْتَ لِي مِنْ خَلْقِكَ، وَسَيَّرْتنِي فِي بِلاَدِك حَتَّى بَلَّغْتنِي بِنِعْمَتِكَ إلَى بَيْتِكَ، وَأَعَنْتنِي عَلَى أَدَاءِ نُسُكِي، فَإِنْ كُنْتَ رَضِيتَ عَنِّي فَازْدَدْ عَنِّي رِضًا، وَإِلاَّ فَمِنَ الآنَ فَارْضَ عَنِّي قَبْلَ أَنْ تَنْأَى عَنْ بَيْتِكَ دَارِي، فَهَذَا أَوَانُ انْصِرَافِي إنْ أَذِنْتَ لِي غَيْرَ مُسْتَبْدِلٍ بِك وَلاَ بِبَيْتِك، وَلاَ رَاغِبٍ عَنْك وَلَا عَنْ بَيْتِك، اللَّهُمَّ فَأَصْحِبْنِي الْعَافِيَةَ فِي بَدَنِي، وَالصِّحَّةَ فِي جِسْمِي، وَالْعِصْمَةَ فِي دِينِي، وَأَحْسِنْ مُنْقَلَبِي، وَارْزُقْنِي طَاعَتَك مَا أَبْقَيْتنِي، وَاجْمَعْ لِي بَيْنَ خَيْرَيِ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ، إنَّك عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ»
Pilgrim may say this dua narrated from Ibn Abbas:
{Oh Allah I am your slave, and the son of your slaves, You carried me here on what you made available to me, and you brought me through the land till I’ve reached your house, and you helped me in doing this ritual. So if you are pleased with me, than increase your pleasure upon me. And if you are not pleased with me, than I beg you to be pleased with me before I leave your house. So this is my departure if you allow it to be. Not turning away from your, nor your house. Oh Allah grant me good health in my body, and safety with my religion, and grant me a good return, and make me obedient as long as you keep me alive. And grant me both the good of this life and the Hereafter, verily you are capable of all things.}
Now, you have fully completed your Hajj rituals. Thank Allah and ask Him to accept your Hajj and consider it a Hajj Mabroor. Make salawat upon the Prophet peace be upon him, as he gives you glad news of the rewards of a Hajj mabroor in paradise. (Show clean heart and light goes from the head to feet as way of cleaning and washing the body and someone passing him a clean, empty book)
Now, you are returning home. Your book is cleaned by the mercy of Allah. Renew your covenant and submission to Allah and keep it strong until your departure from this world and then you will enjoy His permanent pleasure by His will and mercy.
You are freshly reborn. Reevaluate your past life and where you want to be in the next life and act in accordance to it. May Allah preserve you and reward you with the highest level in Paradise.

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Fatwa Corner-The Jurisprudences of Hajj & Umrah Issues

This section is dedicated to all issues of Hajj and Umrah from Islamic rulings and perspectives (Fatwas on Hajj and Umrah), with consideration of all school of thoughts and scholars’ opinions . Labaykhajj – imam’s and scholars committee will review your inquiry and provide you with a sound Islamic respond privately and will publish the general question for the benefit of others.

Hajj is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca and area around it, that Muslims are anticipated to perform at least once in their lifetime. The word Hajj is an Arabic word, meaning ‘to intend a journey or heading to a place for the sake of visiting’. Hajj is one of the “five pillars” of the Islamic faith. Hajj activities take place for six days (8th-13th) of the Islamic lunar month of Dhul-Hijjah. Pilgrimage is an obligation for those Muslims who have the physical and financial ability to undertake the once-in-a-lifetime journey. Also, it is a recommended form of worship that a Muslim should make as an act that brings them close to Allah and wipe their sins and make him or her as a newborn. It is also an act of worship that involves the entire body, mind, and soul, with a huge sacrifice and giving up a valuable part of his or her financial ability, time, lifestyle, and comfort, in order to submit to Allah’s instruction as Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {“And complete the Hajj or ‘Umrah for Allah…” } [Quran 2:196], also, in this regard, it have been reported by the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) the following statement-

  • Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The performance of `Umrah is expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous ones. And the reward for Hajj Mabrur (pilgrimage accepted by Allah) is nothing but Paradise.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
  • In another Hadith, Ibn Juraij reported on the authority of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “This House of Allah (the Ka`bah) is the pillar of Islam; so whosoever heads for it with the intention of performing Hajj or `Umrah is under Allah’s Protection. If he should die (during this journey), he will be admitted to Paradise, and if he should return home safely, he will return with reward and gain.” (Al-Haythami, Majma` Az-Zawa’id)
Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 1

Question:- The funds I have are enough for travelling to perform Hajj. Is performing Hajj obligatory on me since I have the funds for all expenses? Is performing Hajj only obligatory to me or is it also obligatory for my wife? At what age is Hajj obligatory for children? Does performing Hajj in childhood complete the obligation of Hajj on a person?

Answer:- If you have not performed your obligatory Hajj (as an adult, i.e. when Hajj becomes obligatory on you), you have to make Hajj with this money that you have, because Hajj is an obligation that becomes obligatory as soon as the person gets enough means to cover its costs, according to the majority of scholars, and this is the preponderant opinion.

Your wife does not have to perform Hajj unless she can afford it (by herself). If you are asking whether it is an obligation on you to financially support your wife to make Hajj, the answer is no.

However, if you do that, it is something good and you will get the reward, Insha Allah. Children must perform Hajj when they reach the age of puberty. If a child performs Hajj before the age of puberty and his Hajj is correct, he will get the reward, Insha Allah, but he still must perform the obligatory Hajj as an adult.

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 2

Question:- A parent asks: if he has the money that allows him to perform the obligatory Hajj and, at the same time, has a son who wants to marry: should he perform the Hajj that is due on him first or assisting marry his son?

Answer:- The most important Muslim practices are the Five Pillars of Islam.

The Five Pillars of Islam are five obligations that a Muslim must fulfill in order to live a good and accountable life according to Islam and Hajj is the fifth pillar.

It is due on a Muslim to hasten to perform the obligatory Hajj, if he has not done it yet, as long as he is able to do it because Hajj is due immediately on the one who has the financial capability and is able to do it. He should not give priority to helping his son get married or buying a house over performing Hajj, because Hajj is due on him, and is the right of Allah upon Muslims and its one of the pillars of Islam.

Allah knows best.

Question:- If someone has lost one of his parents, can you perform Hajj for him/her?

Fatwa:- If one of the parents had the ability to perform his/her obligatory Hajj but did not perform it and died leaving enough property that is sufficient to perform Hajj on their behalf, then in this case, it is compulsory for their children or inheritors to perform Hajj for this parent themselves. They could also appoint someone else to perform Hajj on his/her behalf. The expenses of this Hajj are deducted from the inheritance left by the deceased person.

The evidence for the above judgment is the Hadeeth of Abdulla Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “Fulfill the right of Allah for Allah’s right is most deserving to be fulfilled.” [Al-Bukhari]

If the deceased parents do not leave behind, enough inheritance that is sufficient for the Hajj cost, then the children are not held responsible to perform Hajj on their behalf. However, it is permissible for them to do so as an act of being kind to one’s parents.

Some scholars are of the opinion that performing Hajj on behalf of deceased parents is not obligatory unless they left a will stating and requesting it, in which case, it should be carried out only from one third of the inheritance and not exceeding it.

The person who wants to perform Hajj on behalf of a deceased person or one who is physically not capable to perform his Hajj, should have already performed his own obligatory Hajj. Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, heard a man saying: ‘Labbayk on behalf of Shubrumah.’ He, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, asked: ‘Who is Shubrumah’? He replied: ‘A brother or relative of mine’. He asked: ‘Have you performed Hajj on your own behalf?’ He said: ‘No.’ Then, he said to him: ‘Perform Hajj on your own behalf, then perform it on behalf of Shubrumah.” [Abu Daawood and Ibn Maajah]

So, one of the children or someone else who has already performed his Hajj could perform the Hajj on behalf of the deceased person.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 3

Question:- I have heard of cases whereby when an adult passes away without performing the Hajj, and his Hajj is performed on his behalf (either voluntarily or sponsored) by a living person. Under what condition(s) does performing Hajj for such a dead person become obligatory?

Answer:- For a person who died after having fulfilled hajj conditions and yet did not perform Hajj, it is an obligation to perform Hajj on behalf of such a person from his inheritance whether or not he made a will to this impact [for Hajj]. This is the preponderant judgment in many view scholars, and it is the view of the Hanbali and Shaafi’ee Schools of jurisprudence. Also, his debts must also be paid from his inheritance whether or not he made a will about it.

If he has no inheritance from which one can perform the obligatory Hajj on his behalf, then it is desirable for someone to perform Hajj on his behalf (from their own wealth). However, it is a condition on whoever wants to perform Hajj on his behalf to have performed his own obligatory Hajj.

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 4

Question:- Hajj and forgiveness. I wanted to know is it true that hajj will not be accepted if we do not forgive someone who has wronged me? Will my hajj be accepted?

Answer:- All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and Messenger.

There is not any Islamic evidence or statements from the scholars indicating that if someone does not pardon those who have wronged him, his Hajj will not be accepted. Someone who has been wronged is not obliged in Islam to pardon the person who wronged him; rather, the person who has been wronged is entitled to retaliate in kind against the oppressor. However, to pardon is much more encouraged in Islam, and it is one of the greatest means of drawing closer to Allah The Exalted.

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 5

Question:- I would like to perform Hajj / Umrah on behalf of a relative of mine. Is it a condition to mention His full name at the beginning of Ihram?

Answer:- If you intend to perform Hajj or Umrah on behalf of your relative, then it is enough for you to intend that within yourself without mentioning his/her name at all. But it is better to mention his/her first name, to say, “Labbayka Hajj or umrah on behalf of so (Here I am on behalf of so and so).”

The proof for this is the Hadeeth of Abdu-Allah Ibn ‘Abbas may Allah be blessed with them. That the Prophet, Peace be upon him, heard a man say, “Labbayka (Here I am) on behalf of Shubrumah” [i.e., he was performing Hajj on behalf of Shubrumah]. He (the Prophet, Peace be upon him) asked, “Who is Shubrumah?” The man replied, “He is a brother (or a relative) of mine.” The Prophet, Peace be upon him, asked, “Have you performed Hajj for yourself?” The man said, “No.” Then the Prophet, Peace be upon him, told him, “Perform Hajj for yourself first, then perform Hajj on behalf of Shubrumah.”

So you should say, “Labbayka Hajj or umrah on behalf of so (and mention the person’s name).” If you do not remember his/her name, then it is enough to say, “Here I am on behalf of the one who delegated me to perform Hajj,” or any similar statement. Undeniably, Allah Knows who this person is. You are not required to repeat the same during each step of Hajj. It is enough for you to intend it at the beginning of Ihram for Hajj or Umrah.

Therefore, it is not conditioned to reveal the full name of your relative, nor your relation to him/her.

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 6

Question:- Is it permissible for a Muslim to perform Hajj or Umrah on my own behalf and on behalf of my deceased father and several of my deceased relatives? Is there is any maximum allowed number? Is the intention of doing so required prior to travelling to Megat – the Sacred Places?

Answer:- If you mean let us assume Ihram for one ritual on behalf of yourself and on behalf of others, then this is not acceptable because Ihram is valid for only one person. But if you mean sharing the reward of your ‘Umrah with them, then this is allowed by many scholars,

There is no limit to how many people may share in the reward. The Prophet peace be upon him offered a sacrifice on behalf of his entire Ummah (i.e. Islamic nation), and a man may offer a single sheep on behalf of himself and the members of his entire household without limitation by numbers of the household member.

However, it is more appropriate and better to keep the reward for yourself and to strive hard in supplicating Allah Almighty for those deceased individuals. If you would like to perform ‘Umrah on their behalf, you can go out to the nearest place from which you can assume Ihram again – which is Masjed Aisha, may Allah be blessed with her in At-Tan‘eem – after doing the ‘Umrah that you completed on behalf of yourself, then assume Ihram for performing ‘Umrah on behalf of whomever you want. You can repeat that in the same journey for as many times as you want.

No intention is stipulated for that before traveling. If it occurs to you to share the reward of your ‘Umrah with a deceased person, according to the opinion that allows that, or if it occurs to you to do ‘Umrah on behalf of whomever you want after traveling, then there is nothing wrong with that at all

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 7

Question:- What is the ruling on Tawaf Al Ifadha if the woman has her period and returning travel date is approaching? And most likely she will not be clean before her travel?

Answer:- Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

Hajj has four Arkan(integrals):
1. Ihram, i.e. the intention of performing Hajj or Umrah or both of them.
2. Standing /Staying at Arafah.
3. Tawaful Ifadah/ Al-zeyirah (circumambulation after returning from Mina).
4. Sa’i between Safa and Marwah.

All above performances could be preformed by a menstruating woman or the woman who is in her confinement period(after giving birth) except preforming Tawaf, for the saying of the Prophet peace be upon him to Aysha (May Allah be pleased with her) when she had her period: “Perform Hajj rites as any one who performs Hajj does them but do not perform Tawaf”. [Reported by Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim]

The opinion of the scholars of the Hanafi school of Fiqh and it is also narrated from Imam Ahmad that not being clean from menstruation or confinement period is Wajib (requisite) not a Shart (necessary condition for the validly of Tawaf). Thus, if woman makes Tawaf while she is menstruating or during her confinement period then she commits a sin if there is no Islamic legal justification for her and then she has to sacrifice a camel.

But in many scholars opinion sacrificing a sheep is sufficient for her for abandoning a Shart, or no compensation is due on her since sacrificing a sheep is compulsory compensation on a person who abandonments a Wajib. In this case, she does not abandonment a Wajib she abandonments a Shart (condition), and as a general rule there is no compensation if one abandonments a Shart and it becomes negligible when the person is powerless to perform it (that Shart).

On this basis many scholars opinion is that this lady should perform all the rites of Hajj except the Tawaf as the Prophet peace and prayer be upon him ordered Aysha (May Allah be pleased with her). The companion of this lady should wait for her till she completes all the rites of Hajj. This is for the Hadith reported by Imam Muslim and Bukhari that Safiyyah (May Allah be pleased with her), the wife of the Prophet peace and prayer be upon him had her monthly period during Hajj. When the Prophet peace and prayer be upon him was informed about this, he said, “Is she going to hold us here (till she performs her rites of Hajj)?” He was told that she had already performed all her Hajj rites except the Tawaf wada’a (Farewell Tawaf). The Prophet said, “There is no harm then, (let us go).”

This Hadith clearly shows that if a woman does not perform Tawaful Ifadah then she has to wait to perform it after her period terminates and her Mahram (husband or unmarriageable relatives) should wait for her. In this case she could return to her destination and stay in the state of Ihram till returning back to Makkah again to complete the remaining rites when she becomes pure.

If she feels too much difficulty for waiting till she becomes clean for unavoidable circumstances and there is no chance for her to delay her return travel, as if she does so she would face official difficulties or other problems; then she may perform Tawaf by using something absorbent. Then she has to sacrifice a sheep and distribute it among the needy people of Haram (Makkah) for neglecting a Shart.

This opinion is held by a group of Muslim scholars. They support their opinion by many evidences such as the saying of Allah: “So keep your duty to Allâh and fear Him as much as you can.” [64:16]. Allah also says: “Allâh burdens not a person beyond his scope.” [2:286].

No doubt, sometimes waiting till the end of monthly period may cause unbearable problems which contradict the above-mentioned evidences. There are basic rules of Sharia also supporting this opinion, such as all conditions and obligations in Sharia are made dependent on one’s ability to accomplish them. Those who cannot must perform their alternates, if there are any. For example one has to perform Tayammum (dry ablution) where one does not have or cannot use water for certain reasons. If there are no alternatives to these conditions and obligations then he is excused from them.

Based on this rule we conclude that Tahara (being in the state of ritual purification) is a condition of validly of Tawaf but if one is not able to perform it he/she is excused from it like the one who can not use water to prepare for prayer or can not do its alternative then one is excused from performing Taharah. So, Tahara might be negated in Tawaf Al Ifadha due to unavoidable circumstances and then Tawaf could be performed as clarified earlier.

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah and his disciple Ibn al-Qayyim supported the latter opinion (permitting a menstruating woman or the one who is in her confinement period to do Tawaf when she is in dire need) very strongly. Sheikh Ibn Baz (May Allah have Mercy on him) from the contemporary scholars also issued the same Fatwa. Allah knows best.

The answer based on: islamweb Fatwa Team

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 8

Question:- A man died without performing the obligatory hajj during his lifetime, so one of his brothers or son performed it on his behalf from his own money. Is this permissible?

Answer:- Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam

God Almighty says, “And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House-for whoever is able to find thereto a way” (Quran 3:97).

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Islam is based on five things: Testifying that there is no deity save God and that Mohammed is His Messenger, performing prayers, giving zakat, making hajj, and fasting [the month of] Ramadan” (Bukhari and Muslim).

Among the conditions for the obligatoriness of hajj is the ability to undertake it as God mentions in the Quran and the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) in the Sunnah. Because ability is not only restricted to financial means but also includes a person’s physical ability and safe journey among others, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Whoever refrains from making hajj while he has provisions and safe means for traveling will die as a Christian or Jew” (Al-Tirmidhi).

Hajj, which is obligatory, is among the acts of worship that may be executed in another’s stead. Amr Ibn Aws narrated from Abu Razin al-‘Uqali that he approached the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and said, ‘O Messenger of God! My father is an old man and cannot make hajj, ‘umrah or travel.” The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) replied, ‘Make hajj and ‘umrah on behalf of your father'” (Al-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud).

Conditions for making hajj in another’s stead

A person who makes hajj on behalf of another must have previously made his own obligatory hajj. Ibn Abbas narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) heard a man say, “O God! Here I am in response to Your call on behalf of Shubruma.” He asked him, “Who is Shubruma?” The man replied, “A brother or close relative.” The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) then asked him, “Have you made your own hajj?” The man replied in the negative, whereupon the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Perform your own hajj first and then make hajj on behalf of Shubruma” (Al-Tirmidhi).

The ruling

The hajj, which the brother of the deceased made out of his own expenses on behalf of is brother, is permissible and he will receive its reward by the will of God.

And God Almighty knows best.

The answer based on: Dar Al-Ifta Al-Missriyyah ( Egyptian Fatwa Authority)

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 9

Question:- During Hajj and on the day of Arafat, the pilgrims should move to Muzdalifa after sunset. This movement depends on the type of transportation system, where sometimes the duration of the move will be completed after midnight. The pilgrims are required to pray Maghrib and Isha jointly in Muzdalifa, at Isha time. So, what time does Isha end? Is there any sin for the pilgrims to pray if they reach Mozdalifa after midnight?

Answer:- Ending of Isha Time; the scholars, in general, have two views on this issue:

1. The majority of scholars: (including the Hanafi, Maliki and Shafi schools)

Their view is that Isha time ends when the true dawn rises, with no issue. Therefore, you may pray your Isha before the time of Fajr.

2. Second view: (the majority of Hanbali scholars)

Their view is that the permissible time for Isha prayer ends by midnight, and that after midnight, Isha prayer falls under a necessity time. However, it is permissible by them if someone has an acceptable reason for delaying the prayer, such as reaching Muzdalifa beyond midnight. Therefore, there is no need for panic. If your transportation from Arafat happens to be after midnight on 9th of Dul-Hajjah.

Ibn Qudamah said in Al-Mughni, who is Hanbali, speaking about the time of the evening prayer: “The best, God Almighty wills, is not to delay it beyond the third of the night, and if he delays it until midnight is permissible, and what is after midnight until the second dawn is a time of necessity.” This is also the view of Ibn Taimiya, Ben baz and the Permanent Fatwa Committee in Saudi Arabia (6/113)

Based on the above information, what the scholars of the four madhhabs have stated is that the time for the evening prayer ends with the arrival of the true dawn, but it should not be delayed beyond the first third. Except for the person who has an excuse of illness, the case of the night of Arafat (if due to transportation pilgrims arrive in Mozdalifa past midnight) or other valid justifications. Therefore, praying Maghrib & Isha in Mozdalifa, arriving after midnight is sound, and causes no issue at all as this is considered a valid justification by all the majority of scholars and all school of thoughts (Mazaheb).

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 10

Question:- Can you explain what it means that a Muslim must perform(advisable) pilgrimage at least every five years if he has the ability? Also, what is the degree of this hadith?

Answer:- On the authority of Abu Saeed Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet – may God bless him and grant him peace – said

God Almighty says: (A slave has corrected his body for him (Allah), and expanded upon him (Allah) in his life, for which five years have passed and he does not come to me (Allah), indeed he is deprived).

Al-Albani Sahih Al-Jameh

عن أبي سعيدٍ الخدري أن النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال

إنَّ اللهَ تعالى يقولُ : إنَّ عبدًا أصحَحتُ لهُ جسمَهُ ، ووسَّعتُ عليهِ في مَعيشتِهِ ، تمضي عليهِ خمسةُ أعوامٍ لا يَفِدُ إليَّ لمَحرومٌ

الألباني صحيح الجامع

Pilgrimage to the Sacred House of Allah is one of the pillars of Islam for whoever is able to reach it. It is one of the most honorable acts of worship whereby worshipers draw closer to Allah Almighty. Hajj is obligatory on every Muslim only once during his or her lifetime, provided that he or she is able to perform it.

In this hadith the Prophet, may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him, says: “Allah is exalted saying: “If a slave is given good health, wealth and well being and he does not come to visit me after five years have passed, then he is deprived from a great reward.” meaning that if five years have passed by him and he does not visit the Sacred House of Allah which is the Kaaba, and he did not intend to perform Hajj or Umrah, this can mean: that Allah Almighty eliminates him by depriving him of goodness, or of additional reward, and general forgiveness. Because he ignored performing the Hajj or Umrah whilst being able to do so, he deprived himself of the good reward, as the Prophet PBUH said the reward of an accepted Hajj is nothing but Paradise. Also, in another hadith the Prophet PBUH said in which the pilgrim will return after pilgrimage being cleansed of his sins as a newborn. And in this hadith: He urged Muslims for a healthy body, a lot of livelihood, to go out with the intention of visiting the House of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, for a Hajj or Umrah.

And it states: It is emphasized to visit the Sacred House of Allah more often and to not exceed five years without doing so. Also, while we are living in west and non-Muslim environments, it’s strongly recommended to travel with your youth for Umrah or Hajj as this has a big effect on their Islamic identity and brings them closer to Allah, the Kabbah and the city of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. This will give them a personal connection with Islamic sacred and historical places.

الحَجُّ إلى بَيتِ اللهِ الحَرامِ أحَدُ أركانِ الإسلامِ لِمَنِ استَطاعَ إليه سَبيلًا؛ فهو مِن أشرَفِ العِباداتِ الَّتي يَتقرَّبُ بها العِبادُ إلى اللهِ عزَّ وجلَّ
وفي هذا الحَديثِ يَقولُ النَّبيُّ صلَّى اللهُ عليه وسلَّمَ: “إنَّ اللهَ تَعالى يَقولُ: “إنَّ عَبدًا”، والمُرادُ به: المُسلِمُ المُكَلَّفُ، “أصحَحتُ له جِسمَه”، بإسباغِ الصِّحَّةِ والعافيةِ عليه، فلم تَنزِلْ به عِلَّةٌ، “ووَسَّعتُ عليه في مَعيشَتِه”، برِزقِه رِزقًا واسِعًا فِيمَا يَعيشُ فيهِ مِنَ القُوتِ والمالِ الوَفيرِ، بالزِّيادةِ على كِفايَتِه، “تَمضي عليه خَمسةُ أعوامٍ لا يَفِدُ إليَّ، لَمَحرومٌ”، بمَعنى أنَّه إذا مَرَّ عليه خَمسُ سَنواتٍ ولا يَزورُ بَيتَ اللهِ الحَرامَ وهو الكَعبةُ، ولا يَقصِدُها بنُسُكٍ مِن حَجٍّ أو عُمرةٍ، وهو على حالةِ المستطيعِ مِنَ الصِّحَّةِ ووَفرةِ المالِ، فإنَّه مَحرومٌ مِن خَيرٍ كَثيرٍ، وأجرٍ عظيمٍ مِنَ اللهِ تَعالى، أوِ المَعنى: أنَّ اللهَ تعالى يَقضي عليه بالحِرمانِ مِنَ الخَيرِ، أو مِن مَزيدِ الثَّوابِ، وعُمومِ الغُفرانِ؛ لِأنَّه تَرَكَ ما في قَصدِه خَيرُ الدَّارَيْنِ لِغَيرِ عُذرٍ، فقد حَرَمَ نَفْسَه الخَيرَ، والحَجُّ المَبرورُ والعُمرةُ يَرجِعُ منهما المَرءُ مَغفورًا له ذُنوبُه كَيَومِ وَلَدتْه أُمُّه.
وفي هذا الحَديثِ: حَثُّ صَحيحِ الجِسمِ، كَثيرِ الرِّزقِ على أنْ يَخرُجَ قاصِدًا بَيتَ اللهِ عزَّ وجلَّ بحَجٍّ أو عُمرةٍ.
وفيه: تأكُّدُ زيارةِ بيتِ اللهِ الحَرامِ في مِثلِ هذه المُدَّةِ

It is worth mentioning that scholars of hadeeth have different opinions relating to the authenticity of this hadeeth. For example, Imam Dar-Qatni views the hadeeth’s authenticity as weak. On the other hand, Ibn Habban and Sheikh Al-Albani in “Silcilat As-Saheeha” – commented that it is a sound (saheeh) hadith. In addition, scholars have agreed that it is permissible to act on a weak hadith in order to motivate a Muslim to perform good deeds such as Hajj, Umrah, sadaqah, zakat, salah, etc.

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 11

Answer:- Firstly, it is worth mentioning that praying to the object ”Sutrah” is mustahab which is a “likeable act” and not an obligatory act.

In general, it is not allowed to pass in front of someone praying. However, this rule is hard to apply in Mecca, especially in the Mataf area and during the crowded Hajj and Umrah seasons. With consideration of the following:

 

Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: “So keep your duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can.” (At-Taghabun 64:16)

Also, we read in the Quran: “Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope.“ (Al-Baqarah 2:286)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “What I have forbidden you, avoid it; what I have ordered you [to do], do as much of it as you can.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

One of the fundamentals of jurisprudence and the principle that “Necessity makes forbidden things permissible.”

Here are the views of the different school of thoughts:

The Hanafi scholars indicated that it is okay to pass in front of a person praying in the Haram Mosque.

The Maliki scholars indicated that it is better for the person praying to find an area where nobody will pass in front of him. Otherwise, it is permissible.

The Shafi scholars have agreed that it is permissible to pass in front of a person who is praying if you are making Tawaf.

The Hanbali scholars indicated that it is permissible. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (may Allah have mercy on him) said do not prevent a person from passing in front of you whilst praying in Haram because Mecca has a different ruling on the matter, and because the Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed in Mecca without any object in front of him.

Imam Ar-Rehaibani commented on this and said that this is applied during the time of Hajj because the Haram is overcrowded, and this rule is a necessity. Outside of the Hajj time, when the Haram is not crowded this permission should not be applied.

Sheikh Bin Baz’s collection of fatawa, stated in the Sacred Mosque, indicates that it is allowed to pass in front of the person who is praying because of the crowded nature that is hard to avoid. This can also be applied to other mosques such as Masjid An-Nabawi, Masjid Kheif, or any other mosques if they become crowded and passing in front of the person who is praying becomes hard to avoid.

The same statement by Ibn Thaymiya in his Majmu’u Al-Fatawi, Imam At-Tahawiy in his book Mushkil Al-Athar, and also stated in the Mughni Fiqh Book that explained Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal’s views that there is no harm not to pray in front of an object in Mecca. It was reported that Ibn Zubeir, A’ata Ibn Rabah, and Mujahid narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed and had no object between him and the Tawaf area. Also, it was narrated that Mutalib had seen the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) praying toward Hijr and people were passing in front of him. In addition, Abi Ammar narrated that he saw Ibn Zubeir come to pray and the Tawaf area was in front of him. A woman passed in front of him so he waited for her to pass to perform his sujood which was in the same place she walked over. This was reported by Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (may Allah have mercy on him) in his book Manasik. Another hadith narrated by Ibn Abbas (may Allah have mercy on him), is that while the Prophet (peace be upon him) was praying in Mina and had no object in front of him, a man riding his donkey passed in front of him. This hadeeth is agreed upon. Furthermore, Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed in empty spaces with no object in front of him, narrated by Bukhari.

Therefore, in Mecca, during Hajj, Umrah, and other places when it is crowded and it is impossible to apply a sutrah, it is permissible to pray or to pass in front of a person who is praying.

 

 السؤال

ما حكم المرور بين يدي المصلي في مسجد الحرام  و المسجد النبوي او مسجد الخيف بمنى أيام التشريق وذلك نظراً للزحام الشديد؟

والقول الأخير في المسألة: يجوز المرور بين يدي المصلي في المسجد الحرام ومكة

أقوال المذاهب الاربعة كما يلي: جاء في الموسوعة الفقهية

المالكية : أجازوا المرور بالمسجد الحرام أمام مصل لم يتخذه سترة أما المستتر فالمرور بين يديه كغيره وكذلك يكره مرور الطائف أمام مستتر وأما أمام غيره فلا

الحنفية قالوا : يجوز لمن يطوف بالبيت أن يمر بين يدي المصلي وكذلك يجوز المرور بين يدي المصلي داخل الكعبة وخلف مقام إبراهيم عليه السلام وإن لم يكن بين المصلي والمار سترة

الحنابلة قالوا : لا يحرم المرور بين يدي المصلي بمكة كلها وحرمها

الشافعية قالوا : يجوز مرور من يطوف بالبيت أمام المصلي مطلقا

فصل ترك السترة بمكة و غيرها

فصل : ولا بأس أن يصلي بمكة إلى غير سترة وروي ذلك عن ابن الزبير و عطاء و نجاهد قال الأثرم : قيل لـ أحمد الرجل يصلي بمكة ولا يستتر بشيء فقال : قد روي عن النبي أنه صلى ثم ليس بينه وبين الطواف سترة قال أحمد : لأن مكة ليست كغيرها كأن مكة مخصوصة وذلك بما [ روى كثير بن كثير ابن المطلب عن أبيه عن جده المطلب قال : رأيت رسول الله يصلي حيال الحجر والناس يمرون بين يديه ] رواه الخلال بإسناده وروى الأثرم بإسناده [ عن المطلب قال : رأيت رسول الله إذا فرغ من سبعه جاء حتى يحاذي الركن بينه وبين السقيفة فصلى ركعتيه في حاشية المطاف وليس بينه وبين الطواف أحد ] وقال أبي عمار : رأيت ابن الزبير جاء يصلي والطواف بينه وبين القبلة تمر المرأة بين يديه فينظرها حتى تمر ثم يضع جبهته في موضع قدمها رواه حنبل في كتاب المناسك وقال المعتمر : قلت ل طاوس الرجل يصلي يعني بمكة فيمر بين يديه الرجل والمرأة فقال : أولا يرى الناس بعضهم بعضا وإذا هو يرى أن لهذا البلد حالا ليس لغيره من البلدان وذلك لأن الناس يكثرون بمكة لأجل قضاء نسكهم ويزدحمون فيها ولذلك سميت بكة لأن الناس يتباكون فيها أي يزدحمون ويدفع بعضهم بعضا فلو منع المصلي من يجتاز بين يديه لضاق على الناس ولأن الحرم كله محل المشاعر والمناسك فجرى مجرى مكة في ما ذكرناه وحكم الحرم كله حكم مكة

حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ أَبِي أُوَيْسٍ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ، قَالَ : أَقْبَلْتُ رَاكِبًا عَلَى حِمَارٍ أَتَانٍ ، وَأَنَا يَوْمَئِذٍ قَدْ نَاهَزْتُ الِاحْتِلاَمَ ، وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي بِمِنًى إِلَى غَيْرِ جِدَارٍ ، فَمَرَرْتُ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ بَعْضِ الصَّفِّ ، وَأَرْسَلْتُ الأَتَانَ تَرْتَعُ ، فَدَخَلْتُ فِي الصَّفِّ ، فَلَمْ يُنْكَرْ ذَلِكَ عَلَيَّ متفق عليه في هذا بدليل

قوله : ( فلم ينكر ذلك علي أحد ) قال ابن دقيق العيد استدل ابن عباس بترك الإنكار على الجواز ، ولم يستدل بترك إعادتهم للصلاة  لأن ترك الإنكار أكثر فائدة

فصل : ولو صلى في غير مكة إلى غير سترة لم يكن به بأس لما [ روى ابن عباس قال : صلى النبي عليه الصلاة والسلام في فضاء ليس بين يديه شيء ] رواه البخاري و [ روي عن الفضل بن عباس أن النبي عليه الصلاة والسلام أتاهم في باديتهم فصلى إلى غير سترة ] ولأن السترة ليست شرطا في الصلاة وإنما هي مستحبة قال أحمد : في الرجل يصلي في فضاء ليس بين يديه سترة ولا خط صلاته جائزة وقال : أحب أن يفعل فإن لم يفعل يجزيه

يسن للمصلي إذا كان منفرداً أو إماماً أن يجعل أمامه سترة تمنع المرور بين يديه وتمكنه من الخشوع في أفعال الصلاة، وذلك لما رواه ابن ماجه عن أبي سعيد -رضي الله عنه- عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إذا صلى أحدكم فليصل إلى سترة وليدن منها، ولا يدع أحداً يمر بين يديه

وهذا يشمل السفر والحضر، كما يشمل الفرض والنفل، قال العلماء: والحكمة في السترة كف البصر عما وراءها، ومنع من يجتاز بقربه

والأمر في هذا الحديث للاستحباب، لا للوجوب، قال ابن عابدين: (صرح في المنية بكراهة تركها، وهي تنزيهية، والصارف للأمر عن حقيقته ما رواه أبو داود عن الفضل بن العباس رضي الله عنهما قال: أتانا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ونحن في بادية لنا فصلى في صحراء ليس بين يديه سترة). ومثله ما ذكره البهوتي من الحنابلة قال: (وليس ذلك بواجب؛ لحديث ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما). فذكر الحديث السابق. ويستحب ذلك عند الحنفية والمالكية في المشهور، للإمام والمنفرد إذا ظن مروراً بين يديه، وإلا فلا تسن السترة لهما، قال في الهداية: (ولا بأس بترك السترة إن أمن المرور).

و جاء في مجموع فتاوى ابن باز رحمه الله تعالى أما المسجد الحرام فلا يحرم فيه المرور بين يدي المصلي ولا يقطع الصلاة فيه شيء من الثلاثة المذكورة ولا غيرها، لكونه مظنة الزحام ويشق فيه التحرز من المرور بين يدي المصلي، وقد ورد بذلك حديث صريح فيه ضعف ولكنه ينجبر بما ورد في ذلك من الآثار عن ابن الزبير وغيره ومثله في المعنى المسجد النبوي وغيره من المساجد إذا اشتد فيه الزحام وصعب التحرز من المار

 

لقول الله عز وجل فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ. وقوله سبحانه: لاَ يُكَلِّفُ اللّهُ نَفْسًا إِلاَّ وُسْعَهَا. وقول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما نهيتكم عنه فاجتنبوه وما أمرتكم به فأتوا منه ما استطعتم. متفق على صحته

 

حكم مرور المرأة أمام المصلي في الحرم؟

إذا وقع ذلك في الحرم المكي فإنها لا تقطع، وهذه خصوصية للحرم، وقد جاء في الأدلة ما يدل على ذلك، ومن أسباب ذلك أنه في الغالب مظنة الزحام، وعدم القدرة على رد المار، ومن رحمة الله جل وعلا أن أسقط هذا الحكم في ذلك، ويلحق بذلك الزحام الشديد في أي مكان في المسجد المدني أو غيره

 

وهذا ما أفتت به اللجنة الدائمة أيضاً في الفتوى رقم: 1752. وعلى هذا القول يجوز المرور بين يدي المصلي في مسجد الحرام  و المسجد النبوي مسجد الخيف عند الزحام وحصول مشقة بعدم المرور، ومسجد الخيف داخل حدود الحرم ولا شك في أن تحاشي المرور أفضل على كل حال

 

المغني في فقه الإمام أحمد بن حنبل الشيباني

 

إن المرور بين يدي المصلي محرم في الأصل إلا أن العلماء استثنوا من ذلك المطاف فقالوا:

  ( لا بأس أن يمر الناس فيه بين يدي المصلي للحاجة والمشقة، ودليلهم على ذلك هو حديث المطلب أنه رأى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يصلي حيال الحجر والناس يمرون بين  يديه )

 

رواه أحمد وأبو داود وابن ماجه والنسائي

وفي المغني لابن قدامة أن ابن أبي عمار قال:” رأيت ابن الزبير جاء يصلي والطواف بينه وبين القبلة تمر المرأة بين يديه فينتظرها حتى تمر، ثم يضع جبهته في موضع قدمها” رواه حنبل في المناسك

وقال المعتمر: قلت لطاووس: الرجل يصلي بمكة يمر بين يديه الرجل والمرأة فقال:(أولا يرى الناس بعضهم بعضاً، وإذا هو يرى أن لهذا البلد حالاً ليس لغيره من البلدان، وذلك لأن الناس يكثرون بمكة لأجل قضاء نسكهم ويزدحمون فيها.) انتهى

وقد ذكر شيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية في مجموع فتاواه أن هذا من خصائص مكة، وكذلك الطحاوي في مشكل الآثار، وللخرشي في شرح مختصر خليل وغيرهم ومما سبق يتبين لنا أنه يستوي في ذلك الرجل والمرأة

و الله أعلم

Allah knows best.

Hajj issue/Fatwa No: 12

Answer: The Ruling of wearing a face mask during Hajj or Umrah for Medical, pandemic or any other reason
مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِن شَيْءٍ) )
{We have not neglected in the Book (the Qur’an & Sunnah) a thing} 6:38
Praise be to Allah, for all His blessings upon us, Allah is ever Knowing and Acquainted [with all things]. Indeed, some issues may be regarded as modern to us, however, our rich Islamic legislation has certainly covered all issues. To the point where all answers are available, and we just have to delve into our history to retrieve the benefits from it.
The issue of the surgical mask and whether it violates the state of Ihram is one in which there is a varied opinion among scholars as follows:

  1. It is not permissible, and if a pilgrim wears it, then a penalty (Fidiya) must be paid. This is the view of Imam Abu-Hanifa and Imam Malik.
  2. It is permissible without a Fidiya (consequence). This is the view of Imam Shafie and Imam Ahmed.

Pilgrims may choose to adopt any of the above opinions, however, we consider that the first opinion is the safest.
In an authentic hadith, our Prophet (SAW) ordered a Companion to shave his hair (which is typically a violation of the rules of Ihram) because of a medical issue and told him to pay the Fidiya (expiation) for it.
Therefore, pilgrims may breach the prohibitions of Ihram for a valid reason such as, the scare of a pandemic or infectious disease as a legitimate concern, and that wearing a mask is a legitimate protection against such illnesses. Equally, if this is a health policy by the authority.

Therefore, pilgrims may wear a mask, and there is categorically no sin on him/her in doing so. However, he/she should pay the Fidiya (expiation) for it, just to be on the safe side.
Pilgrims may choose any of the Fidiya options:

  • Sacrifice an Udhiyya (sacrificial animal)
  • Fast for three days
  • Feed six poor individuals an average meal.

The last option is the simplest: a pilgrim may purchase six meals from any restaurant in Makkah and then distribute it to six poor individuals (which can be easily found in Makkah around the Haram).
LabaykHajj Imam team
And Allah knows Best

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Virtues of the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah

The first ten days of Dhul Hijjah are almost upon us and we do not want to miss out on a single blessing. There are no days in the year more beloved to Allah than these days; just like the last ten nights of Ramadan, these ten days are crammed with opportunities for every Muslim to gain abundant reward. Allah Almighty has sworn by the ten nights of Dhul Hijjah in the first four ayaat of Surah Al-Fajr: “By the Dawn, And ten nights, And the Even and the Odd, And the night when it departs” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “There is no deed that is better in the sight of Allah or more greatly rewarded than a good deed done in those days. It was asked, “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah?” The Prophet (PBUH) replied, “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, unless a man goes out himself for Jihad taking his wealth with him and does not come back with anything.” Narrated by Al-Bukhari The above hadith is a confirmation that Allah loves to be worshipped on these ten days, and one of the best ways to ensure you maximize your worship is by fasting all day, praying at night, performing other types of worship and good deeds. When you sacrifice food, drink, sleep, charity, and good deeds for Allah’s sake, you are truly securing the benefits of these blessed days. Allah Almighty blessed the nation of Muhammad (PBUH) with opportunities to reap rewards and blessings every day of the year. The last ten nights of Ramadan (the month of fasting) are among the most blessed nights of the year; in particular Laylatul-Qadr (the night of power) is extremely sacred. Similarly, the first ten days of Dhul-Hijja (the 12th Islamic calendar month) carry special status during the blessed month of “Pilgrimage.” The above Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH) spells out the importance of these ten days in the sight of Allah and the amplified reward for all good deeds during this blessed season. Just like the last ten nights of Ramadan are the best ten nights out of the year, these first ten days of Dhul-Hijja are the best days of the year and the most beloved to Allah as they combine acts of worship in a way unlike any other time. So, the questions we should be asking ourselves are, “How do we make the most of this season of blessings?”, “What deeds can I perform to attain His pleasure?”. The following are some examples of the acts of worship that will help us gain His pleasure InshaAllah.

1. Make Sincere Repentance

Allah Almighty loves those who repent to Him in complete submission. The act of sincere repentance to Allah with intention to never return to His disobedience and sin is very dear to Him Almighty. Return to Allah by giving up all the deeds, open and secret, that He dislikes. Be regretful of your sins and disobedience and resolve to never return to sin and to firmly adhere to the path which Allah loves.
Allah Almighty says, “But as for him who repented, believed and did righteous deeds, then he will be among those who are successful.” [Al-Qasas 28:67]

2. Fast all nine days and especially on the 'day of Arafah'

The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Anyone who fasts for one day for Allah’s pleasure, Allah will keep his face away from the (Hell) fire for (a distance covered by a journey of) seventy years.” (Bukhari, Muslim).
Hafsah, may Allah be pleased with her, relates: “There are four things that the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, never abandoned: fasting the day of ‘Aashooraa’, fasting the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, fasting three days of every month and praying the two Raka’s before the dawn prayer.” [Ahmed and An-Nasaa’ee] Note that “the first ten” means the first nine days since the tenth will be the ‘Eed (i.e. the day of sacrifice).

3. Perform Dhikr and Takbeer(remembrance of Allah)

Let’s begin with a simple yet effective action – increasing your dhikr. We have been commanded to praise Allah constantly in these ten days.
The Prophet (PBUH) said: “There are no days on which good deeds are greater or more beloved to Allah than on these ten days, so recite much Tahleel (saying Laa ilaaha ill-Allah), Takbeer (saying Allahu Akbar) and Tahmeed (saying Alhamdu Lillaah).” (Ahmad -Saheeh)
Ibn ‘Umar and Abu Hurayrah used to go out in the marketplace during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijja, reciting Takbeer, and the people would recite Takbeer when they heard them. (Bukhari)
Takbeer at this time is a Sunnah that has mostly been forgotten, especially during the first few days. So, say it in the masjid, in your home, on the street and every place where it is permitted to remember Allah. Revive the Sunnah that have been virtually forgotten and earn great rewards for doing so.
The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Whoever revives an aspect of my Sunnah that is forgotten after my death, he will have a reward equivalent to that of the people who follow him, without it detracting in the least from their reward.” (Tirmidhi- Hasan)

4. Stand the Night in Prayer

Seeking Allah’s forgiveness and humbling ourselves in front of Him in supplication and prayers during the latter part of the night is an act of worship that is very beloved to Allah Almighty.
Allah Almighty calls out to His servants in the latter part of the night: “Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to his invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?” (Bukhaari, Muslim)
Abdullah bin Salam said: “When the Prophet (ﷺ) came to Al-Madinah, the people rushed to meet him, and it was said: ‘The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) has come! The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ ) has come! The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) has come!’ Three times. I came with the people to see him, and when I saw his face clearly, I knew that his face was not the face of a liar. The first thing I heard him say was when he said: ‘O people! Spread (the greeting of) Salam, feed others, uphold the ties of kinship, and pray during the night when people are sleeping, and you will enter Paradise with Salam.” Sunan Ibn Majah
We should seize this opportunity and beg Him Almighty for His Divine Generosity and Mercy. We should ask Him as our Prophet (PBUH) taught us “Our Lord, bless us with the best of this world and the best of hereafter and save us from the fire of Hell.”

5. Return to Book of Allah(The Quran)

Muslims will earn great rewards for reciting the Quran and implementing it in their daily life routine. Our beloved Prophet (SAW) said: “Verily the one who recites the Quran beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. And as for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have TWICE that reward.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari).
Ten Rewards for each letter recitation from Quran: Hadith related to this is stated in a way that: “Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that “Alif, Laam, Meem” is a letter, rather I am saying that “Alif” is a letter, “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter.” (Tirmidhi). So, increase the recitation of Quran to get these rewards.
Muslim will get the level in Paradise based on Quran memorization in this life: If you want to get higher rank in Paradise then memorize and recite Quran effectively. The Holy Prophet (SAW) stated related to it as: “It will be said to the companion of the Qur’an: Read and elevate (through the levels of the Paradise) and beautify your voice as you used to do when you were in the dunyaa! For verily, your position in the Paradise will be at the last verse you recite!”(Abu Dawood).
Establish a beautiful relationship with the book of Allah starting in these ten days of Dhul-Hijja. Recite its verses and you will win its blessings. Understand its message. Implement the commandments of this book in your life. This relationship with the Quran will open for you the doors of wisdom and happiness in your life. This will ultimately lead to guidance and success in this life and the Hereafter.

6. Increase in doing ALL good deeds

If you are not able to perform Hajj this year, occupy yourself during these blessed days by any and every possible good deed. Every act that is done with sincerity for the pleasure of Allah Almighty will bring you closer to Him.
“So, whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it; and whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it.“ [Al-Zalzalah 99:7-8]

7. Fast the 'Day of Arafah'

The ninth day of Dhu’l-Hijjah (the 12th and final month of the Islamic calendar) is the Day of ‘Arafah. It is the day when pilgrims stand on the land of ‘Arafah to pray. On this day, Muslims all over the world who do not witness the annual Hajj should spend the day in fasting, according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH), The Prophet (PBUH) used to fast on the ninth day of Dhul-Hijja and he said: “Fasting the Day of ‘Arafah (ninth Dhul-Hijja) is an expiation for (all the sins of) the previous year and expiation for (all the sins of) the coming year.” (Muslim)
In another saying the Prophet’s wife Hafsah, may Allah be pleased with her, said:
“Four things the Messenger of Allâh never neglected: Observing fast on the day of ‘Ashura, ‘Arafat, three days every month, and offering fajr sunnah prayers early in the morning “. Muslim
Whoever is performing Hajj, there is no fast for him or her on the day of ‘Arafah. That is undeniably a blessing for him/her because of the hardships of the pilgrimage. Umm Al-Fadl, may Allah be pleased with her, reported: “The companions doubted whether the Prophet (PBUH) was fasting on the day of Arafah or not(while in Hajj). She decided to prove to them that he was not, so she said, ‘I sent to him milk, which he drank while he was delivering the khutbah (sermon) on ‘Arafah.’ “ Recorded by Al-Bukhari

8. Perform Hajj (Pilgrimage)

“And complete the Hajj and Umrah for Allah“. [Noble Quran 2:196]
”O you who believe! Give you response to Allah and His Messenger, when He calls you to that which will give you life”.
[Noble Quran 8:24]
Clearly, Hajj is one of the best deeds that a Muslim can do throughout these ten days. However, for those of us who were not preforming Hajj this year, there are still many more conducts to earn the pleasure of Allah Almighty. One of the most amazing things about Hajj is that, if your Hajj is (Mabroor) accepted from you, your sins are completely erased, and you are once more as pure as a newborn. The good news is if you intended to perform Hajj this year, and as Hajj from outsider is not possible, insha Allah you will get the same reward, as Allah Almighty rewards us by our intention. Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him), reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “The deeds are considered by the intentions, and a person will get the reward according to his intention”. Also Jabir bin Abdullah Al-Ansari (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: We accompanied the Prophet (PBUH) in an expedition when he said, “There are some men in Al-Madinah who are with you wherever you march and whichever valley you cross. They have not joined you in person because of their illness.” In another version he said: “They share the reward with you.’‘ [Muslim]

9. Slaughter an animal and distribute the meat (Sacrifice)

Eid sacrifice (Al-Udhiya) is a Sunnah of Islam recommended for any Muslim who can do it. This is the opinion of most of the scholars of Islam. It is also one of the good deeds of Islam as ‘Aisha narrated from the Prophet as saying: “No son of Adam has done any deed on the Day of Immolation more likable to Allah than shedding blood (slaughtering the Eid sacrifice).
Ibn Umar said: “The Prophet (PBUH) lived in Madinah for ten years and every year he slaughtered an animal.” (Ahmad-Saheeh by al-Albaani)
Also, It was narrated from Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) that Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “When you see the new moon of Dhul-Hijjah and one of you wants to offer a sacrifice, let him refrain from (removing anything) from his hair or nails.” (Muslim)
Refraining from cutting the hair and trimming the nails is a sunnah, but it does not invalidate the sacrifice in anyway, even if the person knew that he was doing this after the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah.
Once the person learns about the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah, he or she is advised to refrain from cutting hair and trimming nails, and there is neither fear nor doubt for the validity of the sacrifice and he or she will get the reward of following the sunnah.
When do the sacrifices (Qurbani) happen?
Qurbani takes place after the Eid prayer on Eid-ul-Adha, from 10th till before end of 12th day of Dhul Hijjah.
Any sacrifice made before the Eid prayer is counted as a charity (Sadaqah), not as the obligatory Qurbani; if you do this, you must still perform the Qurbani after Eid prayer.
Jundab bin Sufyan Al-Bajali reported:
“I witnessed the Prophet (saw) on the Day of Nahr (or Eid day). He (saw) said, “Whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before offering the Eid prayer, should slaughter another sacrifice in its place; and whoever has not slaughtered their sacrifice yet, should slaughter now’“. (Bukhari)

10. Eid Prayers

Attending Eid prayers is from the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet (PBUH). We should be keen on practicing this Sunnah and performing it according to the teachings of our Prophet (PBUH). Eid is a time of joy and happiness and we should be inclusive of all our brothers and sisters who may not be as fortunate to have enough to enjoy this blessed occasion. The Prophet (peace be upon him) even ordered that women who were in their periods, and were as a result exempt from prayer, attend it, but were not to take part in the prayer itself. They attend to share in its blessings and in the joy of the community, which clearly indicates its importance.
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reports The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to go out to pray the Eid prayer of al-Fitr and al-Adha in the open space.’ Related by al-Bukhari, It is recommended to offer the Eid prayer in an open space. Apparently, this to publicize this Islamic tradition. It is permissible to offer it in a large mosque when there is need for that, such as severe weather conditions or other factors.

11. Thank Allah

Allah Almighty said: “So remember Me; I will remember you. And be grateful to Me and do not deny Me.” (2:152)
One of the biggest forms of worshiping Allah Almighty is to thank Him, deeply, sincerely, and continuously. After all, it is He who blessed you with all that you have. In fact, you would not even be here if it were not for the Mercy of your Creator. So, thank Him for ALL that He gave you: the blessing of Islam, the blessing of life and every blessing you possess. Thank Him for the opportunity to experience these ten days. Ask Him for His mercy, forgiveness, and guidance.
Alhamdulillah, there is much to be gained in these coming days. So, make the most of this perfect opportunity offered by these invaluable and irreplaceable ten days. Hasten to do good deeds and appreciate this blessing and make the most of it.

12. Be a People Person

Allah Almighty said: “And [recall] when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], “Do not worship except Allah; and to parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy. And speak to people good [words] and establish prayer and give zakah. Then you turned away, except a few of you, and you were refusing”.(2:83)
Visit or contact your neighbor and ask how they are doing. Bake a pie for them. Speak to people in a good manner, give charity and assistance to needy, even just a smile. Be extra nice to those at home. Spend time with your family. Have productive discussions, share something new that you learned, teach the youngsters, and just listen to what they have to say and be as a friend to them.
The possibilities of earning abundant reward are quite endless. Be creative and just keep the intention of pleasing Allah Almighty in your mind.

13. Kinship and friendship relation

Allah almighty said: “And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” And give the relative his right, and [also] the poor and the traveler, and do not spend wastefully.” (17:23-25)
Make sure to value your relationship with your parent and your relative in general. Keep and repair your relationship with them.
Abu Huraira reported: A man asked the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, “Who is most deserving of my good company?” The Prophet said, “Your mother.” The man asked, “Then who?” The Prophet said “Your mother.” The man asked again, “Then who?” The Prophet said, “Your mother.” The man asked again, “Then who?” The Prophet said, “Your father.” Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī &, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 25
If you have not called a specific relative in a while, make a short, five-minute call. Do not make it long and end up wasting your time and theirs. Keep it sweet and simple, ask how they are doing, and share something beneficial.

May Allah accept your good deeds